Axisymmetric, stationary collisionless gas clouds trapped in a Newtonian potential

Carlos Gabarrete and Olivier Sarbach

Submitted on 12 September 2022


The properties of an axisymmetric, stationary gas cloud surrounding a massive central object are discussed. It is assumed that the gravitational field is dominated by the central object which is modeled by a nonrelativistic rotationally-symmetric potential. Further, we assume that the gas consists of collisionless, identical massive particles that follow bound orbits in this potential. Several models for the one-particle distribution function are considered and the essential formulae that describe the relevant macroscopical observables, such as the particle and energy densities, pressure tensor, and the kinetic temperature are derived. The asymptotic decay of the solutions at infinity is discussed and we specify configurations with finite total mass, energy and (zero or non-zero) angular momentum. Finally, our configurations are compared to their hydrodynamic analogs. In an accompanying paper, the equivalent general relativistic problem is discussed, where the central object consists of a Schwarzschild black hole.


Comment: 27 pages, 15 figures, 3 tables

Subjects: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena