In Beam Tests of Implanted Helium Targets

J. E. McDonald, R. H. France III, R. A. Jarvis, M. W. Ahmed, M. A. Blackston, Th. Delbar, M. Gai, T. J. Kading, Y. Parpottas, B. A. Perdue, R. M. Prior, D. A. Rubin, M. C. Spraker, J. D. Yeomans, L. Weissman, H. R. Weller, E. L. Wilds Jr, ;, UHartford, GCSU, LNS/UConn, TUNL/Duke, UCL/LLN, Yale, NGCSU

Submitted on 16 August 2006


Targets consisting of 3,4He implanted into thin aluminum foils (approximately 100, 200 or 600 ug/cm^2) were prepared using intense (a few uA) helium beams at low energy (approximately 20, 40 or 100 keV). Uniformity of the implantation was achieved by a beam raster across a 12 mm diameter tantalum collimator at the rates of 0.1 Hz in the vertical direction and 1 Hz in the horizontal direction. Helium implantation into the very thin (approximately 80-100 ug/cm^2) aluminum foils failed to produce useful targets (with only approximately 10% of the helium retained) due to an under estimation of the range by the code SRIM. The range of low energy helium in aluminum predicted by Northcliffe and Shilling and the NIST online tabulation are observed on the other hand to over estimate the range of low energy helium ions in aluminum. An attempt to increase the amount of helium by implanting a second deeper layer was also carried out, but it did not significantly increase the helium content beyond the blistering limit (approximately 6 x 10^17 helium/cm^2). The implanted targets were bombarded with moderately intense 4He and 16O beams of 50-100 particle nA . Rutherford Back Scattering of 1.0 and 2.5 MeV proton beams and recoil helium from 15.0 MeV oxygen beams were used to study the helium content and profile before, during and after bombardments. We observed the helium content and profile to be very stable even after a prolonged bombardment (up to two days) with moderately intense beams of 16O or 4He. Helium implanted into thin (aluminum) foils is a good choice for thin helium targets needed, for example, for a measurement of the 3he(a,g)7Be reaction and the associated S34 astrophysical cross section factor (S-factor).


Comment: Submitted to the New Online Journal of Instrumentation, JINST. Work Supported by USDOE Grant Nos: DE-FG02-94ER40870, DE-FG02-91ER40609, DE-FG02-97ER41033, and DE-FG02-97ER41046

Subjects: Nuclear Experiment; Astrophysics; Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors