Non Common Path Aberrations Correction

Jean-Baptiste Ruffio and Markus Kasper

Submitted on 1 November 2022


The primary goal of this thesis was the correction of Non-Common-Path-Aberrations in the SPHERE instrument for helping it meeting its contrast requirements. SPHERE's purpose is the search and characterization of giant exo-planets around nearby stars. The author implemented a method called Electric Field Conjugation that he tested in simulation as well as on the real system. A full week was booked in SPHERE schedule a few days before the second commissioning in June 2014. It gave the opportunity to the author to travel to the VLT in Chile and experiment directly on the system. The contrast gain objective of another order of magnitude in a medium-sized area has successfully been reached bringing SPHERE raw speckle contrast from about 106 to 107. The algorithm has therefore proven its value and will be further investigated and hopefully automated by the SPHERE team based on the codes developed by the author. However it is important to keep in mind that Electric Field Conjugation is more effective for follow-up studies in order to improve the quality of the observations. Indeed the area for a good correction is very limited. It can't be used for exo-planets discovery unless the corrected area is made big enough but the performance will be less.


Comment: Projet de fin d'\'etudes 2014, ISAE-Supaero

Subject: Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics