Pre-solar grains from novae and "Born-again giants"

A. Evans and R. D. Gehrz

Submitted on 22 November 2022


We review the properties of dust formed during classical nova eruptions and the Very Late Thermal Pulses (VLTPs) that occur during the later stages of post-Asymptotic Giant Branch evolution of low-mass stars. In both cases, carbon and hydrocarbon dust is produced. Novae may also produce silicate dust, contrary to the usual paradigm about the C:O ratio and dust composition. Despite the expectation that these dust sources are not expected to make significant contributions to the Galactic dust population, there is a significant body of evidence that grains from both stellar sources have been identified in recovered meteoritic and cometary material, and that certain infrared spectral signatures seen in comets are common to novae, VLTPs and pre-solar grains.


Comment: Chapter 10 of book "Presolar grains in extra-terrestrial materials", editor Sachiko Amari (Washington University). To be published by Elsevier. 50 A4 pages, including 15 pages of references. 15 figures, 2 tables

Subjects: Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics