Testing the Homogeneity of Type Ia Supernovae in the Near-Infrared for Accurate Distance Estimations

T. E. Müller-Bravo, L. Galbany, E. Karamehmetoglu, M. Stritzinger, C. Burns, K. Phan, A. Iáñez Ferres, J. P. Anderson, C. Ashall, E. Baron, P. Hoeflich, E. Y. Hsiao, T. de Jaeger, S. Kumar, J. Lu, M. M. Phillips, M. Shahbandeh, N. Suntzeff, S. A. Uddin

Submitted on 11 July 2022


Type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia) have been extensively used as standardisable candles in the optical for several decades. However, SNe Ia have shown to be more homogeneous in the near-infrared (NIR), where the effect of dust extinction is also attenuated. In this work, we explore the possibility of using a low number of NIR observations for accurate distance estimations, given the homogeneity at these wavelengths. We found that one epoch in J and/or H band, plus good gr-band coverage, gives an accurate estimation of peak magnitudes in J (Jmax) and H (Hmax) bands. The use of a single NIR epoch only introduces an additional scatter of 0.05 mag for epochs around the time of B-band peak magnitude (Tmax). We also tested the effect of optical cadence and signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) in the estimation of Tmax and its uncertainty propagation to the NIR peak magnitudes. Both cadence and S/N have a similar contribution, where we constrained the introduced scatter of each to <0.02 mag in Jmax and <0.01 in Hmax. However, these effects are expected to be negligible, provided the data quality is comparable to that obtained for observations of nearby SNe (z0.1). The effect of S/N in the NIR was tested as well. For SNe Ia at $0.08


Comment: Accepted in A&A

Subject: Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics