Recovering the conformal limit of color superconducting quark matter within a confining density functional approach

Oleksii Ivanytskyi and David Blaschke

Submitted on 5 September 2022


We generalize a recently proposed confining relativistic density-functional approach to the case of density dependent vector and diquark couplings. The particular behavior of these couplings is motivated by the non-perturbative gluon exchange in dense quark matter and provides the conformal limit at asymptotically high densities. We demonstrate that this feature of the quark matter EoS is consistent with a significant stiffness in the density range typical for the interiors of neutron stars. In order to model these astrophysical objects we construct a family of hybrid quark-hadron EoSs of cold stellar matter. We also confront our approach with the observational constraints on the mass-radius relation of neutron stars and their tidal deformabilities and argue in favor of a quark matter onset at masses below 1.0 M.


Comment: 12 pages, 5 figures

Subjects: Nuclear Theory; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; High Energy Physics - Phenomenology