Causal, stable first-order viscous relativistic hydrodynamics with ideal gas microphysics

Alex Pandya, Elias R. Most, Frans Pretorius

Submitted on 19 September 2022


We present the first numerical analysis of causal, stable first-order relativistic hydrodynamics with ideal gas microphysics, based in the formalism developed by Bemfica, Disconzi, Noronha, and Kovtun (BDNK theory). The BDNK approach provides definitions for the conserved stress-energy tensor and baryon current, and rigorously proves causality, local well-posedness, strong hyperbolicity, and linear stability (about equilibrium) for the equations of motion, subject to a set of coupled nonlinear inequalities involving the undetermined model coefficients (the choice for which defines the "hydrodynamic frame"). We present a class of hydrodynamic frames derived from the relativistic ideal gas "gamma-law" equation of state which satisfy the BDNK constraints, and explore the properties of the resulting model for a series of (0+1)D and (1+1)D tests in 4D Minkowski spacetime. These tests include a comparison of the dissipation mechanisms in Eckart, BDNK, and Muller-Israel-Stewart theories, as well as investigations of the impact of hydrodynamic frame on the causality and stability properties of Bjorken flow, planar shockwave, and heat flow solutions.


Comment: 22 pages, 7 figures, to be submitted to PRD

Subjects: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Nuclear Theory