Giant radio galaxies in the LoTSS Bo\"otes deep field

Marco Simonte, Heinz Andernach, Marcus Brüggen, Dominik Schwarz, Isabella Prandoni, Anthony G. Willis

Submitted on 4 July 2022


Giant radio galaxies (GRGs) are radio galaxies that have projected linear extents of more than 700 kpc or 1 Mpc, depending on definition. We have carried out a careful visual inspection in search of GRGs of the Bootes LOFAR Deep Field (BLDF) image at 150 MHz. We identified 74 GRGs with a projected size larger than 0.7 Mpc of which 38 are larger than 1 Mpc. The resulting GRG sky density is about 2.8 (1.43) GRGs per square degree for GRGs with linear size larger than 0.7 (1) Mpc. We studied their radio properties and the accretion state of the host galaxies using deep optical and infrared survey data and determined flux densities for these GRGs from available survey images at both 54 MHz and 1.4 GHz to obtain integrated radio spectral indices. We show the location of the GRGs in the P-D diagram. The accretion mode onto the central black holes of the GRG hosts is radiatively inefficient suggesting that the central engines are not undergoing massive accretion at the time of the emission. Interestingly, 14 out of 35 GRGs for which optical spectra are available show a moderate star formation rate. Based on the number density of optical galaxies taken from the DESI DR9 photometric redshift catalogue, we found no significant differences between the environments of GRGs and other radio galaxies, at least for redshift up to z = 0.7.


Comment: Accepted for publication in MNRAS. 23 pages, 16 figures, 3 tables

Subjects: Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics