Gravitational wave source clustering in the luminosity distance space with the presence of peculiar velocity and lensing errors

Qing Yang and Bin Hu

Submitted on 3 September 2022


GW number count can be used as a novel tracer of the large scale structure (LSS) in the luminosity distance space (LDS), just like galaxies in the redshift space. It is possible to obtain the DLDA duality relation with clustering effect. However, several LSS induced errors will contaminate the GW luminosity distance measurement, such as the peculiar velocity dispersion error of the host galaxy as well as the foreground lensing magnification. The distance uncertainties induced from these effects will degrade the GW clustering from a spectroscopic-like data down to a photometric-like data. In this paper, we investigate how these LSS induced distance errors modify our cosmological parameter precision inferred from the LDS clustering. We consider two of the next generation GW observatories, namely the Big Bang Observatory (BBO) and the Einstein Telescope (ET). We forecast the parameter estimation errors on the angular diameter distance DA, luminosity distance space Hubble parameter HL and structure growth rate fLσ8 with a Fisher matrix method. Generally speaking, the GW source clustering data can be used for cosmological studies below DL<5 Gpc, while above this scale the lensing errors will increase significantly. We find that for BBO, it is possible to constrain the cosmological parameters with a relative error of 103 to 102 below DL<5 Gpc. The velocity dispersion error is dominant in the low luminosity distance range, while the lensing magnification error is the bottleneck in the large luminosity distance range. To reduce the lensing error, we assumed a 50% delensing efficiency. Even with this optimal assumption, the fractional error increased to O(1) at luminosity distance DL=25 Gpc. The results for ET are similar as those from BBO. Due to the GW source number in ET is less than that from BBO, the corresponding results also get a bit worse.


Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures

Subjects: Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology