Nature of the Galaxies On Top Of Quasars producing MgII absorption

Labanya Kumar Guha and Raghunathan Srianand

Submitted on 31 October 2022


Quasar-galaxy pairs at small separations are important probes of gas flows in the disk-halo interface in galaxies. We study host galaxies of 198 MgII absorbers at 0.39zabs1.05 that show detectable nebular emission lines in the SDSS spectra. We report measurements of impact parameter (5.9D[kpc]16.9) and absolute B-band magnitude (18.7MB22.3 mag) of host galaxies of 74 of these absorbers using multi-band images from the DESI Legacy Imaging Survey, more than doubling the number of known host galaxies with D17 kpc. This has allowed us to quantify the relationship between MgII rest equivalent width(W2796) and D, with best-fit parameters of W2796(D=0)=3.44±0.20 Angstrom and an exponential scale length of 21.61.97+2.41 kpc. We find a significant anti-correlation between MB and D, and MB and W2796, consistent with the brighter galaxies producing stronger MgII absorption. We use stacked images to detect average emissions from galaxies in the full sample. Using these images and stacked spectra, we derive the mean stellar mass (9.4log(M/M)9.8), star formation rate (2.3SFR[Myr1]4.5), age (2.54 Gyr), metallicity (12+log(O/H)8.3) and ionization parameter (log~q[cm s1] 7.7) for these galaxies. The average M found is less compared to those of MgII absorbers studied in the literature. The average SFR and metallicity inferred are consistent with that expected in the main sequence and the known stellar mass-metallicity relation, respectively. High spatial resolution follow-up spectroscopic and imaging observations of this sample are imperative for probing gas flows close to the star-forming regions of high-z galaxies.


Comment: Submitted to MNRAS. Comments are welcome

Subject: Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies