The effective stress tensor of a homogeneous turbulent rotating fluid is
anisotropic. This leads us to consider the most general axisymmetric four-rank
``viscosity tensor'' for a Newtonian fluid and the new terms in the turbulent
effective force on large scales that arise from it, in addition to the
microscopic viscous force. Some of these terms involve couplings to vorticity
and others are angular momentum non conserving (in the rotating frame).
Furthermore, we explore the constraints on the response function and the
two-point velocity correlation due to axisymmetry. Finally, we compare our
viscosity tensor with other four-rank tensors defined in current approaches to
non-rotating anisotropic turbulence.