Hot subdwarf stars identified in LAMOST DR8 with single-lined and composite spectra

Zhenxin Lei, Ruijie He, Peter Nemeth, Joris Vos, Xuan Zou, Ke Hu, Huaping Xiao, Huahui Yan, Jingkun Zhao

Submitted on 22 November 2022


222 hot subdwarf stars were identified with LAMOST DR8 spectra, among which 131 stars show composite spectra and have been decomposed, while 91 stars present single-lined spectra. Atmospheric parameters of all sample stars were obtained by fitting Hydrogen (H) and Helium (He) line profiles with synthetic spectra. Two long-period composite sdB binaries were newly discovered by combining our sample with the non-single star data from Gaia DR3. One of the new systems presents the highest eccentricity (i.e., 0.5 +/- 0.09) among known wide sdB binaries, which is beyond model predictions. 15 composite sdB stars fall in the high probability binary region of RUWE-AEN plane, and deserve priority follow-up observations to further study their binary nature. A distinct gap is clearly presented among temperatures of cool companions for our composite-spectra sample. But we could not come to a conclusion whether this feature is connected to the formation history of hot subdwarf stars before their binary natures are confirmed.


Comment: 21 pages, 11 figures, 3 tables, Accepted for publication in ApJ

Subject: Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics