Spherical photon orbits around a rotating black hole with quintessence and cloud of strings

Mohsen Fathi, Marco Olivares, J. R. Villanueva

Submitted on 8 July 2022


In this paper, we calculate the analytical solutions for the radii of planar and polar spherical photon orbits around a rotating black hole that is associated with quintessential field and cloud of strings. This includes a full analytical treatment of a quintic that describes orbits on the equatorial plane. Furthermore, The radial profile of the impact parameters is studied and the radii corresponding to the extreme cases are derived. For the more general cases, we also discuss the photon regions that form around this black hole. To simulate the orbits that appear in different inclinations, we analytically solve the latitudinal and azimuth equations of motion in terms of the Weierstrassian elliptic functions, by considering the radii of spherical orbits, in their general form, as the initial conditions. The period and the stability conditions of the orbits are also obtained analytically.


Comment: 28 pages, 36 figures, 2 tables

Subjects: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena