Multiwavelength Survey of Dark Globule DC 314.8-5.1: Point Source Identification and Diffuse Emission Characterization

E. Kosmaczewski, L. Stawarz, C. C. Cheung, A. Bamba, A. Karska, W. R. M. Rocha

Submitted on 6 September 2022


We present an analysis of the multi-wavelength observations of the dark globule, DC 314.8-5.1, using the optical survey Gaia, the near-infrared survey 2MASS, mid-infrared survey WISE along with dedicated imaging with the Spitzer Space Telescope, and finally X-ray data obtained with the Swift-XRT telescope. The main goal of this analysis was to identify possible pre-main sequence stars and young stellar objects (YSOs) associated with the globule. For this purpose, we studied the infrared colors of all point sources coinciding within the boundaries of the cloud, as inferred from the optical extinction maps. After removing the sources with spectra of non-stellar types, we investigated the Gaia parallaxes for the YSO candidates, finding that none of them are physically related to DC 314.8-5.1. In addition, we probed the presence of pre-main sequence stars lacking infrared counterparts with Swift-XRT, and found no candidates down to a luminosity level 1031erg cm1 in the 0.5-10 keV range. Our detailed inspection of the gathered data confirm a very young, ``pre-stellar core'' evolutionary stage of the cloud. As such, DC 314.8-5.1 constitutes a compact reservoir of cold dust and gas, enabling for a truly unique insight into a primordial form of the interstellar medium. Based on the archival Planck and IRAS data, we identify the presence of a hot dust, with temperatures reaching even up to 200 K, in addition to the dominant dust component at 14 K. Finally, we comment on the mass estimates for the globule.


Comment: Submitted to ApJ

Subjects: Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics