On Odd Radio Circles as Supernova Remnants

Sumit K. Sarbadhicary, Todd A. Thompson, Laura A. Lopez, Smita Mathur

Submitted on 21 September 2022


The origin of arcmin-sized Odd Radio Circles (ORCs) found in modern all-sky radio surveys remain uncertain, with explanations ranging from starburst/AGN-driven shocks to supernova remnants (SNRs) in the low-density ambient medium. Using well-calibrated radio light curve models, we assess the possibility that ORCs are radio SNRs evolving in low ambient densities. Our models imply that ORCs 1-5 and J0624-6948 (near the LMC) as SNRs must be within 200 kpc and 100 kpc from the Sun respectively, given their observed flux densities and angular sizes. To be evolving in the circumgalactic medium of the Milky Way, our models require ORCs 1-5 to be ejecta-dominated SNRs within 50 kpc, evolving in ambient densities of (0.21.2)×103 cm3. However, this is statistically unlikely because ORCs 1-5 would have ages <640 yrs, much smaller than their expected lifetimes of 105 yrs at these densities, and because the low SN rate and steep profile of the stellar halo imply a negligible number of ORC-like SNRs within 50 kpc. The circumgalactic medium SNR scenario for J0624-6948 is more likely (though still low probability) compared to ORCs 1-5, as our models allow J0624-6948 to be 3000 yrs. On the other hand, the interpretation of J0624-6948 as a Sedov-Taylor SNR at 50 kpc (LMC) distance is possible for a wide range of ambient densities (6×1040.5 cm3) and ages (0.22.6)×104 yr, while also being consistent with the local HI environment.


Comment: 9 pages, 4 figures. Submitted to MNRAAS

Subjects: Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena