The SPHERE view of multiple star formation

R. Gratton, S. Desidera, F. Marzari, M. Bonavita

Submitted on 3 November 2022


While a large fraction of the stars are in multiple systems, our understanding of the processes leading to the formation of these systems is still inadequate. Given the large theoretical uncertainties, observation plays a basic role. Here we discuss the contribution of high contrast imaging, and more specifically of the SPHERE instrument at the ESO Very Large Telescope, in this area. SPHERE nicely complements other techniques - in particular those exploiting Gaia and ALMA - in detecting and characterising systems near the peak of the distribution with separation and allows to capture snapshots of binary formation within disks that are invaluable for the understanding of disk fragmentation.


Comment: 17 pages, 7 figures

Subjects: Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies; Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics