PREPRINT

# ALETHEIA: Hunting for Low-mass Dark Matter with Liquid Helium TPCs

Junhui Liao, Yuanning Gao, Zhen Jiang, Zhuo Liang, Zebang OuYang, Zhaohua Peng, Fengshou Zhang, Lei hang, Jiangfeng Zhou
arXiv:2209.02320

Submitted on 6 September 2022

## Abstract

Dark Matter (DM) is one of the most critical questions to be understood and answered in fundamental physics today. Observations with varied astronomical and cosmological technologies already pinned down that DM exists in the Universe, the Milky Way, and the Solar System. Nevertheless, understanding DM under the language of elementary physics is still in progress. DM direct detection tests the interactive cross-section between galactic DM particles and an underground detector's nucleons. Although Weakly Interactive Massive Particles (WIMPs) are the most discussed DM candidates, the null-WIMPs conclusion has been consistently addressed by the most convincing experiments in the field. Relatively, the low-mass WIMPs region ($\sim$ 10 MeV/c${}^{2}$ - 10 GeV/c${}^{2}$) has not been fully exploited compared to high-mass WIMPs ($\sim$ 10 GeV/c${}^{2}$ - 10 TeV/c${}^{2}$). The ALETHEIA (A Liquid hElium Time projection cHambEr In dArk matter) experiment aims to hunt for low-mass WIMPs with liquid helium-filled TPCs (Time Projection Chambers). In this paper, we go through the physics motivation of the project, the detector's design, the R\&D plan, and the progress we have made since the project has been launched in the summer of 2020.

## Preprint

Comment: arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2203.07901, arXiv:2103.02161

Subjects: Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; High Energy Physics - Experiment; Nuclear Experiment