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The Climate and Compositional Variation of the Highly Eccentric Planet HD 80606 b]{The Climate and Compositional Variation of the Highly Eccentric Planet HD 80606 b -- the rise and fall of carbon monoxide and elemental sulfur

Shang-Min Tsai, Maria Steinrueck, Vivien Parmentier, Nikole Lewis, Raymond Pierrehumbert

Submitted on 13 September 2022

Abstract

The gas giant HD 80606 b has a highly eccentric orbit (e 0.93). The variation due to the rapid shift of stellar irradiation provides a unique opportunity to probe the physical and chemical timescales and to study the interplay between climate dynamics and atmospheric chemistry. In this work, we present integrated models to study the atmospheric responses and the underlying physical and chemical mechanisms of HD 80606 b. We first run three-dimensional general circulation models (GCMs) to establish the atmospheric thermal and dynamical structures for different atmospheric metallicities and internal heat. Based on the GCM output, we then adopted a 1D time-dependent photochemical model to investigate the compositional variation along the eccentric orbit. The transition of the circulation patterns of HD 80606 b matched the dynamics regimes in previous works. Our photochemical models show that efficient vertical mixing leads to deep quench levels of the major carbon and nitrogen species and the quenching behavior does not change throughout the eccentric orbit. Instead, photolysis is the main driver of the time-dependent chemistry. A transient state of [CO]/[CH4] > 1 after periastron is confirmed for all metallicity and internal heat cases. The upcoming JWST Cycle 1 GO program will be able to track this real-time CH4--CO conversion and infer the chemical timescale. Furthermore, sulfur species initiated by sudden heating and photochemical forcing exhibit both short-term and long-term cycles, opening an interesting avenue for detecting sulfur on exoplanets.

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Comment: 18 pages, 18 figures, submitted to MNRAS, comments welcome

Subject: Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

URL: https://arxiv.org/abs/2209.05910