Superradiance from a Relativistic Source

Christopher Wyenberg, Fereshteh Rajabi, Martin Houde

Submitted on 12 July 2022


We construct a model of cooperative superradiant emission from a highly relativistic multi-particle source. We revise an existing model of the literature for a relativistic two-level particle, and construct from it a Hamiltonian describing relativistic velocity dependent multi-particle superradiance. We adapt the standard diagrammatic framework to compute time evolution and density operators from our Hamiltonian, and demonstrate during the process a departure from standard results and calculation methods. In particular, we demonstrate that the so-called vertical photon result of the literature is modified by the relativistic Lorentz factor of the sample; we also introduce a set of coupled differential equations describing certain propagators in the velocity-dependent small sample framework, which we solve numerically via a hybrid fourth order Runge-Kutta and convolution approach. We demonstrate our methods for the simple case of two highly relativistic particles travelling with slightly differing velocities simulated at varying relativistic mean sample β factors, and evaluate velocity coherence requirements for a sample to demonstrate enhanced superradiant emission in the observer frame. We find these coherence requirements to become increasingly restrictive at higher β factors, even in the context of standard results of relativistic velocity differential transformations.


Comment: 18 pages, 7 figures

Subjects: Quantum Physics; Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena; Physics - Space Physics