A New Sample of Gamma-Ray Emitting Jetted Active Galactic Nuclei

Luigi Foschini, Matthew L. Lister, Heinz Andernach, Stefano Ciroi, Paola Marziani, Sonia Antón, Marco Berton, Elena Dalla Bontà, Emilia Järvelä, Maria J. M. Marchã, Patrizia Romano, Merja Tornikoski, Stefano Vercellone, Amelia Vietri

Submitted on 7 November 2022


We considered the fourth catalog of gamma-ray point sources produced by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and selected only jetted active galactic nuclei (AGN) or sources with no specific classification, but with a low-frequency counterpart. Our final list is composed of 2980 gamma-ray point sources. We then searched for optical spectra in all the available literature and publicly available databases, to measure redshifts and to confirm or change the original LAT classification. Our final list of gamma-ray emitting jetted AGN is composed of BL Lac Objects (40%), flat-spectrum radio quasars (23%), misaligned AGN (2.8%), narrow-line Seyfert 1, Seyfert, and low-ionization nuclear emission-line region galaxies (1.9%). We also found a significant number of objects changing from one type to another, and vice versa (changing-look AGN, 1.1%). About 30% of gamma-ray sources still have an ambiguous classification or lack one altogether.


Comment: 18 pages, 5 figures, 1 Table. Accepted for publication on Universe, Special Issue "Black Holes and Relativistic Jets", edited by I. Dutan and N. R. MacDonald. This preprint contains only the main text. The full tables A1 and A2 are available on the journal web site (

Subject: Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena


Distribution of the present list of gamma-ray sources in the sky (Galactic coordinates, Aitoff projection) according to the new classification.