Gradient-enhanced deep neural network approximations

Xiaodong Feng and Li Zeng

Submitted on 8 November 2022


We propose in this work the gradient-enhanced deep neural networks (DNNs) approach for function approximations and uncertainty quantification. More precisely, the proposed approach adopts both the function evaluations and the associated gradient information to yield enhanced approximation accuracy. In particular, the gradient information is included as a regularization term in the gradient-enhanced DNNs approach, for which we present similar posterior estimates (by the two-layer neural networks) as those in the path-norm regularized DNNs approximations. We also discuss the application of this approach to gradient-enhanced uncertainty quantification, and present several numerical experiments to show that the proposed approach can outperform the traditional DNNs approach in many cases of interests.


Comment: 14 pages, 3 figures

Subjects: Computer Science - Machine Learning; Mathematics - Numerical Analysis